FLORA OF SOUTH LUANGWA NATIONAL PARK
South Luangwa National Park was founded as a game reserve as early as 1938, and became a national park in 1972. It now covers an astonishing 9,050 square kilometres of riverine savannah, lagoons, river banks and oxbow lakes – former side arms of tributary rivers that have been cut off over thousands of years of erosion and sedimentary flow- that add to the high density of birdlife, water sources and game numbers.
Vegetation differs with the abundance of nearby water sources and so you will find incredibly diverse landscapes ranging from dense forests of mopane trees, the leopard’s favourite the ‘sausage’ trees, and then wide open savanna punctuated only by the occasional lonely iconic baobab tree. Among the more common trees in the valley are the mopane, leadwood, winterthorn, the tall vegetable ivory palm, the marula and the magnificent tamarind tree. There are even some magnificent and very rare large ebony forests to admire.
An interest and basic knowledge in the vegetation of Zambia will enhance your experience of the bush. You will see your guide checking trees and bushes when searching for specific type of game for you!
The oxbow lakes form a life line for water dependant game in the dry season and add to protection from roaming predators for smaller species. Often, huge herds of hippo can be found in these, and early morning and late afternoon are always busy times at these spots: hippo and crocodile mix with elephants, giraffes, buffalo, baboons, impala, zebra, vervet monkeys, bush buck and ofcourse the birds present: over 400 species have been recorded in this game rich haven.
South Luangwa National Park has recorded over 400 of Zambia’s total of 732 species of birds to appear in the Park. This includes 39 birds of prey and 47 migrant species mostly showing up during March and into April. So even for avifauna enthusiasts, South Laungwa National Park will bring delight!
WHEN TO VISIT SOUTH LUANGWA NATIONAL PARK
The enormous, slow moving and meandering Luangwa River teems with game. It provides a lifeline for one of the greatest diversities of habitat in Africa. Depending on the season, the colours and animals you will see during your Zambia safari tour will change: ranging from dry, bare bushveld in the winter, to a lush, green wonderland in the summer months.
These seasonal changes are very pronounced in Luangwa National Park. You may see an image of the same spot in different seasons and it would be unrecognisable!
The dry season begins in April and intensifies through to October (the hottest month). In October, game concentrations are at their height and often gather near the lakes and last river beds with water.
The wet and green, vibrant season then begins in November as the leaves turn green. The dry, yellow and bleak terrain becomes a lush jungle. Animals will give birth to make the most of this food-rich time of year, and predators fill their need – and feed their own young. Be prepared for action in this time of year!
This rainy season lasts up until the end of March and the migrant birds arrive in droves with April being the shoulder month. Warm sunny days and chilly nights typify the dry winter months of May to August – a perfect time for a safari in comfortable temperatures.
NORMAN CARR AND THE SAFARI HISTORY OF SOUTH LUANGWA NATIONAL PARK
One of the most enriching ways of enjoying a South Luangwa National Park Safari tour is to see the African bush on foot. Allow us to set up a Luangwa Walking Safari for you.
The South Luangwa Walking Safari Tour is based on being a hunter, and roaming the bush in search of prey and shelter. For a long time, the words ‘african safari’ meant a hunting expedition. Large caravans of porters would go out in search of big game, carrying everything from cut glass, hot baths, trackers, tents for weeks – and bringing home their stories and trophies.
Norman Carr, was a man far ahead of his time. He broke the mould of the track-and-hunt safari and created conservation-based tourism. He was a British conservationist and influential in setting up the South Luangwa National Park. As early as 1950, he persuaded the Paramount Chief to set aside a portion of tribal land as a Game Reserve and built the first game viewing camp open to the public in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia).
Guests shot with cameras and not rifles, while walking the bush under protection of guides. They stayed in camps and tents dotted around the bush and daily treks were made into the bush and savannah land. Profits from this remote photographic camp in the bush went back into communities surrounding the land. The visitors loved the feeling of walking in the bush, surrounded by animals, and having the chance to drive and see them interact in their own natural habitat.
A tailor-made African Safari by vehicle or walking is a special trip. We specialise in making it special for you. The South Luangwa Safari Tour is a tailor made affair – as it would need to be carefully tuned to season and location. Contact us and let us know when you would like African and Oriental to organise this for you.